By adopting an African "point of view," this course will attempt to address some of the grave misconceptions that have lead so many to believe that Africa was and continues to be a "Dark Continent. But we will also seriously consider the ways in which human beings have taxed natural resources in ways that have produced profound short- and long-term consequences. Energy: Science, Technology, and Human Usage. This course covers the technologies by which humans appropriate energy for industrial and societal use, from steam turbines to internal combustion engines to photovoltaics.
We also discuss the physics and economics of the resulting human energy system: fuel sources and relationship to energy flows in the Earth system; and modeling and simulation of energy production and use. Our goal is to provide a technical foundation for students interested in careers in the energy industry or in energy policy. Field trips required to major energy converters e. Instructor s : E.
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Moyer Prerequisite s : Knowledge of physics or consent of instructor. Note s : Not offered in Spring Humans in the Earth System. Human activities now have global-scale impact on the Earth, affecting many major biogeochemical cycles. One third of the Earth's surface is now used for production of food for humans, and CO2, the waste product of human energy use, now substantially affects the Earth's radiative balance.
This course provides a framework for understanding humanity as a component of Earth system science. The course covers the Earth's energy flows and cycles of water, carbon, and nitrogen; their interactions; and the role that humans now play in modifying them. Both agriculture and energy technologies can be seen as appropriation of natural energy flows, and we cover the history over which human appropriations have become globally significant. The course merges geophysical and biological sciences and engineering, and includes lab sessions and field trips to agriculture, water management, and energy facilities to promote intuition.
One year of university-level science is recommended. This course explores the chemistry of the ocean system and its variations in space and time. The oceans play an essential role in most bio geochemical cycles, interacting in various ways with the atmosphere, sediments, and crust. These interactions can be understood through studying the geochemical and isotopic properties of the ocean, its inputs and outputs, and its evolution as recorded in marine sediments and sedimentary rocks.
BSc Ecological and Environmental Sciences with Management | The University of Edinburgh
Topics include: the marine carbon cycle, nutrient cycling, chemical sediments, and hydrothermal systems. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. This survey course covers the geochemistry of the surface of the Earth, focusing on biological and geological processes that shape the distributions of chemical species in the atmosphere, oceans, and terrestrial habitats. Budgets and cycles of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, and sulfur are discussed, as well as chemical fundamentals of metabolism, weathering, acid-base and dissolution equilibria, and isotopic fractionation.
The course examines the central role that life plays in maintaining the chemical disequilibria that characterize Earth's surface environments.
The course also explores biogeochemical cycles change or resist change over time, as well as the relationships between geochemistry, biological including human activity, and Earth's climate. Instructor s : J. This course examines the interface of biological processes with chemical processes in ecological systems.
Course content emphasizes aquatic chemistry and the role of microbes in the cycling of nitrogen, carbon, and other elements. Effects of global changes on chemical cycling are emphasized.
Instructor s : Marine Biological Laboratory Staff. Terms Offered: Autumn. Prerequisite s : Consent only.
The focus of this course is the fundamental science underlying issues of local and regional scale pollution. In particular, the lifetimes of important pollutants in the air, water, and soils are examined by considering the roles played by photochemistry, surface chemistry, biological processes, and dispersal into the surrounding environment. Specific topics include urban air quality, water quality, long-lived organic toxins, heavy metals, and indoor air pollution.
Control measures are also considered. Instructor s : A.
Colman, D. Geobiology seeks to elucidate the interactions between life and its environments that have shaped the coevolution of the Earth and the biosphere. The course will explore the ways in which biological processes affect the environment and how the evolutionary trajectories of organisms have in turn been influenced by environmental change.
In order to reconstruct the history of these processes, we will examine the imprints they leave on both the rock record and on the genomic makeup of living organisms. The metabolism and evolution of microorganisms, and the biogeochemistry they drive, will be a major emphasis.
Instructor s : M.
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Coleman, J. Ecology - Marine Biological Laboratory. This course examines the structure and functioning of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems including the application of basic principles of community and ecosystem ecology. The course also examines contemporary environmental problems such as the impacts of global and local environmental change on community composition and food webs within forest, grassland, marsh and nearshore coastal ecosystems on Cape Cod.
This course explores the biology of microbes found in the environment, including relationships with the physical, chemical, and biotic elements of their environment. Emphasis is placed on understanding the science underlying the various methodologies used in the study of these organisms and systems. In the laboratory, students will work with the latest techniques to measure microbial biomass, activity, extracellular enzymes, and biogeochemical processes.
Students are also introduced to molecular methods for assessing microbial genomic diversity. This course addresses the question, How do animals, including man, affect the structure and function of ecosystems.
source url The course takes an interdisciplinary approach focused on the interactions of animal diversity, migration patterns, population dynamics, and behavior with biogeochemical cycles, productivity, and transport of materials across ecosystems. Ecology and Conservation. This course focuses on the contribution of ecological theory to the understanding of current issues in conservation biology. We emphasize quantitative methods and their use for applied problems in ecology e.
Course material is drawn mostly from current primary literature; lab and field components complement concepts taught through lecture. Overnight field trip required. Instructor s : C.
Pfister, E. Environmental Microbiology. The objective of this course is to understand how microorganisms alter the geochemistry of their environment. The course will cover fundamental principles of microbial growth, metabolism, genetics, diversity, and ecology, as well as methods used to study microbial communities and activities.
It will emphasize microbial roles in elemental cycling, bioremediation, climate, and ecosystem health in a variety of environments including aquatic, soil, sediment, and engineered systems. This course emphasizes the application of quantitative methods to answering ecological questions. Students apply mathematical modeling approaches to simulating biological and chemical phenomena in terrestrial and marine ecosystems.
Prerequisite s : Consent Only. Field Course in Modern and Ancient Environments. This course uses weekly seminars during Winter Quarter to prepare for a one-week field trip over spring break, where students acquire experience with sedimentary rocks and the modern processes responsible for them. Destinations vary; past trips have examined tropical carbonate systems of Jamaica and the Bahamas and subtropical coastal Gulf of California. We usually consider biological, as well as physical, processes of sediment production, dispersal, accumulation, and post-depositional modification. The environmental sciences concern everything about the world around us, from the land on which we live to the subsurface rock, our waterways and soils, our built environment, and nature and conservation of plant and animal species.
Many of the broad sciences that are classified as environmental sciences utilize math in one way or another. Architecture : It may be argued that architecture is a form of applied mathematics 7.
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It has done so since the dawn of civilization. Working out ratios and proportions of buildings have allowed architects throughout time to build some impressive structures, not least of all the Giza Pyramids whose angle and bottom-heavy approach has stood the test of time. Architecture is all about angles. Atmospheric Sciences : Climatology and the other atmospheric sciences such as meteorology is all about reading data and making predictions with simulated models 8.
Both of these concepts require mathematics and climatology would not be able to make predictions without modelling.